Taylor Dispersion Analysis Coupled to Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry for Ultrasmall  Nanoparticle Size Measurement: From Drug Product to Biological Media Studies


Authors: Doussineau, Hagège, Labied, Lux, Randon, Rocchi, Tillement
Subjects: Metallic Nanoparticles, Proteins, TDA-ICP-MS

During past decade, special focus has been laid on ultrasmall nanoparticles for nanomedicine and eventual  clinical translation. To achieve such translation, a lot of challenges have to be solved. Among them, size determination is a particularly tricky one. In this aim, we have developed a simple hyphenation between Taylor dispersion analysis and inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). This method was proven to allow the determination of the hydrodynamic radius of metal-containing nanoparticles, even for sizes under 5 nm, with a relative standard deviation below 10% (with a 95% confidence interval) and at low concentrations. Moreover, its specificity provides the opportunity to perform measurements in complex biological media. This was applied to the characterization of an ultrasmall gadolinium-containing nanoparticle used as a theranostic agent in cancer diseases. Hydrodynamic radii measured in urine, cerebrospinal fluid, and undiluted serum demonstrated the absence of interaction between the particle and biological compounds such as proteins.